Tycho Brahe´s family
Tycho Brahe’s father was Otte Brahe of Knutstorp, who was born in 1518. Han was County Sheriff at Helsingborg’s castle between 1567-71, and died there on the 9th of May 1571. In 1544 he married Beate Bille, who was born on the 29th of April 1526 at Skarhult. She was chief lady-in-waiting to Queen Sophie. Beate Bille died on the 18th of October 1605. Both are buried in Kågeröd’s church.
Otto Brahe and Beate Bille had five sons: Jörgen, Axel, Knud, Steen and Tyge (Tycho), whose twin brother Niels died at birth; and five daughters: Lisbet, Maren, Margrethe, Kirsten, and Sophie
Tycho was born at Knutstorp on the 14th of December 1546 and died in Prague in 1601. In 1573 he broke all the rules and married a commoner, Kirstine Barbara Jörgensdatter, who is believed to have been the daughter of the parson of Kågeröd. After Tycho’s death she bought an estate in Bohemia, where she lived out her remaining years. She died in 1604 and was buried in her husband’s grave at the Teyn Church in Prague.
Tycho and Kirstine Barbara had eight children: Kirstine, Magdalene, Claus,
Sophie, Elisabeth, Sidsel, Tyge and Jörgen. Certain writings mention another child, a first-born Otte who died in early childhood. This is probably a confusion with Tycho’s grandson Otte, Tyge’s son.
Tycho Brahe’s Descendants
Kirstine was born on the 12th October 1573 and died at an early age on the 24th September 1576. She was buried in the Church of Maria in Helsingborg, where there is a memorial plaque.
Magdalene was born in 1574. At Uraniborg she was betrothed to Gellius Sascerides, a medical student she had known since she was a child. But Gellius broke off the engagement and it is probable that she remained unwed. Magdalene is believed to have died in 1620(?).
Claus or Claudius was born on the 2nd of January 1577 and died on the 8th of January, just six days old. He was buried in Väsby Church at Kullen and Tycho had a brass memorial placed there.
Sophie was born on the 4th of August 1578. Certain sources say that she was married to Adam Felz (born 1601!) and that they had a daughter named Julie, but other sources state that she died a spinster in 1655(?).
Elisabeth or Lisbeth was born probably in 1579 and died in 1613 at Regensburg.In 1601 she was married to the German nobleman Franz Gansneb Tengnagel von Kamp who had been Tycho Brahe’s assistant since 1595. Franz did not continue with Tycho’s work, instead he took advantage of his father-in-law’s fame to create a political career for himself. Elisabeth and Franz had four children:
Ida Catherine who was married to a Polish nobleman named Wybronowsky, Vendela who died only two years old, Rudolf Tycho and Leopold.
Rudolf Tycho married the Bohemian noblewoman Alzbeta Frantizka Berkovska of Sebírov. They purchased the Sádova Lhotice Estate in the extreme south of Bohemia. Rudolf Tycho succeeded in being accepted into the ranks of Bohemian nobility and held such posts as imperial advisor and royal commander in the town of Malá Strana. Eventually he became commander of the castle in Prague. His wife died in 1667 and he himself passed away in 1672 at his official residence in the Saint Jirí monastery at the castle in Prague. They are both buried in the Saint Vit Cathedral. They had two children:
Anna Florentina, who was born in 1635 and died unmarried in 1672; and
Alzbeta (Elisabeth) Lidmila, who was born in 1639. In 1657 she was married to Baron Rudolf Adam of Lisov and Utelno, owner of the Nov_ Stranov estate. Their son Jan Václav Frantisek was born in 1658 and fourteen other children were to follow. She died in 1698(?). Only two of her sons reached adulthood: Jan Josef and Rudolf Josef. At the time of his death in 1711, Rudolf Josef was the owner of the Novy Stranov estate. When his son Norbert died in Paris in 1731 the estate passed to the eldest brother, the Jesuit Rudolf (1704-1758) and his sisters.
Sidsel or Cecilie was born probably in 1580. In 1608 she was married to the Swedish baron Gustav Sparre of Sundby. After his death, she married the Austrian von Prössing. Little is known about her subsequent life. She is believed to have died in Krakow in 1640.
Tyge, who was seldom called Tycho, was born on the 28th of August 1581 and died on the 2nd of September 1627. Tycho Brahe had great hopes for his son’s future and had him educated at the University of Wittenberg. In 1604, he married the widow Markyta von Vitzthum. They lived near his mother Kirstine Barbara’s estate in Bohemia. Only two of their five children reached adulthood. Christine Barbara was married in 1628 to Heinrich Abraham von Solhaus who belonged to a German family in Bohemia and owned the Svádov estate. The couple had no children. Otto Tyge was born in 1605(?). After the deaths of his father and mother he became a dragoon in the imperial army. He was dismissed in 1650 and he then married Katerina Lidmila Kapríková - Lesonická of Lesonice, owner of the Techlovice estate in the extreme east of Bohemia. The marriage was a childless one. In 1657 Otto Tyge once more became a dragoon in the Vrbna’s Dragoons, but died in 1662 and was buried in the church at Lesonice. His wife died of the plague in 1680, probably in Vienna.
Jörgen or George was born in 1583. He was an officer in the Saxon Elector’s army. It is said that he was married to a rich baroness, but had no – at least, no legitimate- children. Whilst on a journey in 1640 he was attacked and killed at the Krivoklát Fort in Bohemia.
The last of Tycho Brahe’s surviving relatives to carry the name Brahe was thus his grandson Otto Tyge, who died in 1662.
Tycho Brahe’s family, the Danish Brahe dynasty, died out on the male line with the death of Lieutenant-Colonel Preben Brahe in 1786. The Swedish Brahe dynasty is another line. It originated on the mother’s side from the Danish line and took the Brahe name.
Source: Harald Mortensen, Tycho Brahes slaegt, i Cassiopeia, TychoBrahe-sällskapets årsbok 1946. Uppgifter från Jan Pares, Prag, 1996. John Christianson, On Tycho´s Island, 2000.